– Satires can be in any literary form, for example, prose narrative, drama or a mixture of different forms.
– It ridicules and mocks individuals, institutions and whole societies. It may attack, vice or folly.
– The four questions to ask of satirical writing are – who or what is the target? What role does the satirist play? What is the satirist’s tone? What position is the reader invited to have?
– It is to be said that satirists often tread a fine line between amusing their readers and alienating them.
– Verse Satire – this is always a long poem (usually several hundred lines in length) and usually addresses a major subject such as politics or religion.
– Satirical Poem – this is usually much shorter and its target is more limited.
– Horatian Satire – this is coined after the Roman poet, Horace and it uses gentle mockery.
– Juvenalian Satire – this is names after the Roman poet, Juvenal. This uses harsher mocking and is often bitter and cutting.
– Epigram – this is often satirical. It is a short poem with a witty turn of thought.
– Epistle – this is a satire written in the form of a letter.
I hope this short summary has helped to explain satirical poetry. If you have any questions please feel free to post below and I will answer them for you!