Dramatic monologue (also known as a persona poem) is related to lyrical poetry as it is an expression of thoughts and feelings. The speaker of a dramatic monologue should be addressed as the ‘speaker’ or ‘poet’ instead of the ‘narrator’. Although there is a narrative feature to an extent, it is implied through the expression of thoughts and feelings.
The characteristics of a dramatic monologue are:
– An invented speaker – a character that is not the poet.
– A situation that provides conflict or tension, for example a murder or an affair.
– An implied audience to whom the speaker is addressing.
– Often (although not always) there is a balance of judgement and sympathy, for example if somebody kills their husband/wife because they have had an affair you may judge them as it is murder but you may also feel sympathy for them because of the heartbreak that drove them to that extreme action.
– There is only one voice present in the monologue.
Lyrical poetry is a form common within a lot of poems; however it can be quite difficult to determine what does and does not confer to this form. So in this short text I will help to explain the features, common characteristics and how to determine what lyrical poetry is.
Lyrical poetry is in general shorter than epics and plays. It is an expression of one’s personal thoughts, feelings and emotions and is often connoted with songs. It would never describe a series of events (as that would make the poem a narrative), but the feelings felt within the occurrences. The voice within the poem does not necessarily have to be that of the poet’s, it could be that of a fictional character. The form it takes can be speech, song like, or a combination of the two. A common example of lyrical poetry is a sonnet. The meter used within lyrical poetry is predominantly regular, such as iambic or trochaic and represents the rhythm of a song or a chant. Often refrains are included (the repetition of certain lines in a poem or a song for effect) which almost ‘acts’ as a chorus in the poem. Non-lyrical poetry on the other hand can be dramatic verse (common in monologues and plays) and narrative (the telling of events).
I hope this short summary has helped to explain lyrical poetry, if you have any questions please feel free to comment below and I will answer them.